A representation of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery or Oral surgery with a jaw image with x-ray view in color

 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Surgical Expertise has developed to such an extent that due to the need of knowledge about human body and technical skills the surgeons need to get specialization in certain areas. Usually, this is in the field of human body, or sometimes in a specific technique or category of patients. Interestingly, there are 9 surgical features and this domain also integrates oral and maxillofacial surgery also in itself. Secondly, the feature of OMFS ( oral and maxillofacial surgery ) is unique that creates the need of a dual qualification in medicine and dental. After this there is a comprehensive generic and specialist surgical training. Thirdly, this is a recognized international specialty which is defined under medical instructions in Europe. Similar is the situation in the United States and Canada.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. A mouth Picture like the Big O in Women

Also, most surgeons obtain a degree of dentistry before undergoing training in medicine, but getting medical qualifications and then making a career in OMFS has become too frequent. Notably, most surgeons obtain a degree in dentistry before undergoing training in medicine. But comparatively obtaining medical qualifications and then making a career in OMFS has become much more usual.


Table of Content

1.       Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

2.       Where do oral and maxillofacial surgeons work?

3.       The theoretical subspecialties of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery

4.       Latest Advancements Regarding Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeries Prime Surgical Operations

5.      Prime Surgical Operations

 6.   Different Roles of Oral and Maxilofacial Surgeons



Where do oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons work?

Often drug and dental care expertise is seen as a bridge between oral and maxillofacial surgery which is a surgical treatment facility for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting face, jaw, mouth and neck.

The scope of the specialty is comprehensive and involves diagnosis and supervision of facial disproportion, facial pain, facial injuries, salivary gland diseases, head or neck cancers, impacted teeth, cysts and tumors of jaws as well. This is because various obstacles affect the oral mucosa such as mouth ulcers and infections which conventionally even ENT surgeons may treat.



The theoretical Sub-specialties of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Doctors or qualified dentists may choose to specialize or get trained in one or more of these specialized areas of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeries:


Oral and Maxillofacial Areas

  •     Dental surgery (entailing implants)
  •     Temporomandibular joints
  •     Salivary glands
  •     Facial skin lesions
  •     Jaw


 Surgical Therapy of neck and head cancers

Removal of tumors and subsequent reconstruction, including microvascular free tissue transfers


Surgery for Craniofacial Facial Deformity

Improvement in predominantly congenital or acquired facial deformities which improves the oro-facial function. However, often to remove facial deformity and restore the quality of life as well.


Oral Medicine

Prognostic and management of medical situation presenting in and around the cervico-facial structures.


Craniofacial trauma

The treatment of soft and rigid tissue injuries in the face of the craniofacial.


Cosmetic surgery

Significantly, surgery to increase facial aesthetics and improve the quality of life.



Latest Advancements Regarding Maxillofacial Surgeries

In relation to OMFS, such Navigation systems are being devised which are connected to complex images and permit the surgeon to see a “head up display” in operation theatre. In these, navigation images may be formed and manipulated by a computer to ready originate precise models to devise surgery plan.

Also, 3D radiographic anatomically displays Computed Tomography (CT scans), and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI scans). This has enabled surgeons to view actual and extensive 3-dimensional pictures of the inside of patients’ head and neck anatomy and pathology.


Prime Surgical Operations

A sequence of oral and maxillofacial surgical operations is taken out on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia or conscious sedation. Additionally, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery includes pre-implant surgeries, placement of dental/facial implants, extraction of impacted teeth, intra-oral and facial soft tissue methods. However, some major operations as those for salivary gland diseases, facial deformity, cancer, trauma, etc. are carried out on admission or hospitalization basis. This is done under general anaesthesia only-

  •      Orthognathic surgery to reform facial disproportion.
  •     Facial injuries, management of complex craniofacial fracture, and soft tissue damage of the mouth, face, and neck.
  •      Reconstructive surgery with microvascular free tissue transfer.
  •     Head and neck cancer, access to tumours among in the depths of the complex craniofacial anatomy, and ablation of tumours, together with neck dissections
  •     Pre-implant surgery, which includes related bone grafting technique in the form of maintaining facial or dental prostheses and as part of the oro-facial reconstruction
  •      Extraction of affected teeth and complex buried dental roots.
  •      Extraction of cysts and tumours occurring in jaws.
  •     Primary and secondary surgery for cleft lip and palate, and other inborn facial malformation.
  •      Management of benign and lethiferous lesions of salivary glands.
  •      Elimination of complex facial skin tumours and reconstruction.
  •     Cosmetic surgery accompanied face lifts, eyelid and brow surgery, and rhinoplasties.
  •      Surgery for temporomandibular joint dysfunction.


Different Roles of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

Interestingly, oral and maxillofacial surgeons often work with different types of experts in other areas owing to the nature of their activities under oral and maxillofacial surgery, such as:

  •     Clinical Oncologist
  •     Plastic Surgeon
  •     Orthodontist
  •     Restaurant Dentist
  •     ENT Surgeon
  •     Neurosurgeon
  •     Radiologist






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NB The write-up is based on the most prevalent media information and is not a medical advice. Consult your Authorized Cardiologist for any Medical Treatment


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