Medical Instrumentation Block Diagram

5 High-tech Bio Medical Instrumentation System for Medical Treatment and Information System Management Network

As neuroscientist VS Ramachandran said that all subversive new technologies stem from a concept that may be real and fictitious, and disruptive computer technology will inevitably lead to major changes in healthcare and life sciences. Though adaptation to new technology is a gradual process and medical treatment lasts for a longer duration than other disciplines. This explains the gravity of medical instrumentation in today’s world.

 

Medical Instrumentation Definition

Biomedical or Medical instrumentation and engineering is application of knowledge and technologies to resolve predicament pertaining to living biological systems. It involves diagnosis, treatment and prevention and cure of diseases in living beings.

 

Medical Instrumentation Meaning and Introduction

As neuroscientist VS Ramachandran said, all subversive new technologies stem from a concept that may be real and imaginary, and disruptive computer technology will inevitably lead to health care and life sciences. Great change!

 

Adapting to new technology is a slow process, and medical treatment lasts longer than other disciplines. In 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered the world’s first antibiotic penicillin (penicillin, penicillin). The first published literature on penicillin in 1929. Since then it passed the effectiveness test, toxicological test, improved penicillin fermentation process etc., which lasted for 14 years. It did not really solve the problem of large-scale production of penicillin until 1943.

On the eve of the Normandy landing, the number of penicillin was enough for the US soldiers to land. For China, the industrial production of penicillin was not realizable until 1958. This was when on 1st March, 1944, Pfizer opened the first commercial plant for large-scale penicillin production by submerged culture in Brooklyn, New York, USA.

World War II slogan (thanks to penicillin, wounded soldiers can go home safely)

A more recent example is laparoscopic surgery. Scientists discovered Laparoscopic surgery in 1901. It has the advantages of small surgical trauma, low patient pain and fast recovery time. However, it was not widely used until the 1990s.

 

Medical Instrumentation Projects

The medical industry adapts to new technologies more slowly. But the changes brought about by new technologies are often subversive. The modern history of medicine includes a long period of incremental innovation (such as efforts to map genetic maps). It also includes breakthrough innovations caused by comorbidities (such as the development of monoclonal antibodies). The medical system is a complex system that is prone to a “butterfly effect” – small changes can have large impacts and changes. For example, in 1907, life expectancy was hard to reach 45 years old. Then, by 2007 life expectancy increased to 75 years, which was mainly caused by significant changes in infant mortality. Also the changes in infant mortality were through a series of key system reforms such as water purification systems and vaccination.

 

Medical Instrumentation Manufacturers and Development

Now, every industry gets influence from disruptive high-tech, but is the medical system mature enough to make radical changes? In 2009, the HITECH Act authorized the widespread use of electronic medical records in the United States (EMR, electronic medical records). Through medical legislation, the future can revolutionize through breakthrough software, especially those that can take advantage of large and complex databases. We believe this change will happen in medical equipment projects because five high-tech technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), big data, blockchain technology, robotics and 3D printing technology are infiltrating into the medical field.

 

Artificial intelligence (AI) in Medical Instrumentation

Artificial intelligence software is often in use to simply optimize programs (knowledge engineering) or as statistical learning software (machine learning). Some of these procedures are in use for “clinical decision support” and have been used routinely. But artificial intelligence has yet to prove that it can replace human assessment.

 

Now we see hypothesis generation AI programs (contextualization). These programs have the ability to raise intelligent thresholds, parse loose connections to discover previously unseen meanings. The IBM Watson software which is in use in medical research is Commercial artificial intelligence using cognitive computing systems.

 

Advances in machine learning capabilities are also raising the threshold for intelligent analysis. The main working principle of AlphaGo which defeats the world champion of Go, is deep learning. Through machine learning, the ability of intelligent analysis can transcend the human brain.

 

In future, artificial intelligence will play an increasingly important role in medical interaction, drug discovery and treatment plan decision-making.

 

Bio Data 

Biological data has a certain depth, density and variety. In the past, unstructured data could not enter a computer system without manual sorting or incomplete data structures.

 

However, after the emergence of EMR (Electronic Medical Record), the medical system began collecting unstructured, real-time, comprehensive data. Computers are now able to use machine learning, natural language processing and advanced text analysis programs to parse these heterogeneous data.

 

The changes coming due to big data are groundbreaking and allowing for the processing of loosely related things to produce new assumptions.

 

Medical Instrumentation Notes

The early association method was the “document-based knowledge discovery” method proposed by Professor DRSwanson in the 1880s. The general idea was to “discover the implicit connection between certain pieces of knowledge from publicly published non-related literature. On this basis, scientific hypotheses or conjectures are proposed. By this also research and development personnel conduct research or experiments.”

In 1986, D. R. Swanson found that some medical equipment notes documented some abnormalities in the blood of some patients with Raynaud’s disease (such as high blood viscosity). Some documents show that fish oil can correct these abnormalities (such as it can reduce blood viscosity). Through literature-related research, he proposed the hypothesis that edible fish oil would be beneficial to patients with Raynaud’s disease. This was published in “Raynaud’s disease  and was loosely in association with fish oil”. Finally, clinical experiments confirmed this scientific hypothesis. Cases such as migraine and magnesium, Somatomedin-Cand Arginine and Potential Bio-warfare Agents are also obtainable by this method.

 

It is very difficult to rely on labor to discover these connections. In the future, relying on the power of big data will hopefully discover new connections and knowledge.

 

Blockchain in Medical Instrumentation

The disruptiveness of future blockchain technology may be comparable to the Internet. Now, the Global Blockchain Business Council Center chapters are being established in all countries. A central problem in blockchain solving is the issue of intermediary credit. Generally speaking, it is difficult for two formerly distrustful people to cooperate and must rely on third parties such as transferring funds and passing through banks. However, through blockchain technology, people can realize the mutual trust transfer behavior without intermediaries.

The core technology of the blockchain can enable mutual strangers to achieve mutual trust and achieve security through decentralization. Deng Di, the director of the China Blockchain Application Research said, “No number in the blockchain is produced out of thin air. No single number can be eliminated out of thin air. All digital transfers and modifications need to be left in the blockchain. The record is recorded, so when we see a number, it is not an isolated data but a process of transferring, trading, and modifying from generation to now. The blockchain can give credit to the data.”

The blockchain provides a decentralized digital ledger where partners can use blockchains to generate smart contracts to increase accuracy and efficiency. Blockchain technology has potential value for clinical trial techniques, medical billing, drug supply chains, and identification of patient information transmission.

 

Medical Robot in Medical Instrumentation Application and Design

Medical robots have the potential to be disruptive because they can dramatically change the scale of production, reproducibility and health care.

 

DaVinci robots can manipulate surgical instruments smaller than human hands. Da Vinci robotic surgery and laparoscopic surgery have the advantages of less trauma, less postoperative pain, and faster recovery. Da Vinci robotic surgery is more precise than laparoscopic surgery. This can avoid the error caused by the doctor’s long-term surgical fatigue, making the surgery more perfect.

 

Nano-robotics, which are prototypes based on biological principles at the molecular level, design and manufacture “functional molecule” devices that operate on nanospace. It can be ut to use for non-invasive treatment, cell repair and delocalization treatments such as telesurgery or the US military’s Trauma Pod (semi-automated robotic surgery system) to enable remote care.

 

 

Commercial Medical Instrumentation Development Process

As early as 1987, in the sci-fi movie “Amazing Adventures” released in the United States, scientists will shrink people and spaceships of a few nanometers into human blood vessels. They will do this so that these ultra-small “visitors” organize the various organs of the human body. They could then also make direct observation of the operation, etc. At that time when nano-scale technology was only a scientific fantasy. But this has now become a reality.

Nano-robots are the most tempting content in nano-biology. Relevant data show that the first generation of nano-robots is an organic combination of biological systems and mechanical systems.

The second-generation nano-robots are assembled directly from atoms or molecules into specific functions.

The nanoscale molecular device: The third generation nanobot will contain a nanocomputer which is a device that can perform human-machine dialogue.

 

Experts predict that it will not take long for the magical nano-robots of molecular size to enter the daily life of human beings. Chinese scientist and futurist Zhou Haizhong even predicted in the article “On Robotics” published in 1990, “By the middle of the 21st century, nano-robots will completely change the work and lifestyle of human beings.”

 

What is Medical Robotics (nano robots)?

Medical nano-robots are still in the experimental stage of research and development, and could not yet enter the clinical practical stage. But what is certain is that in the next few years, nanobots will bring about a medical revolution. In an interview with The Wall Street Journal, American inventor and futurist and Google Engineering Director Ray Cozwell points out that medical nano-robots will connect the human brain with the cloud brain (cloud computing system) in the future. Human intelligence and the extension of human life make us look forward to the early arrival of this day.

 

3D printing in Medical Instrumentation

3D printing has the potential to change the medical supply chain by changing pharmaceutical production, inorganic equipment, prostheses or medical inorganic materials.

 

On August 5, 2015, the first SPRITAM (Levetiracetam) instant tablet prepared by American pharmaceutical company Aprecia using 3D printing pharmaceutical technology ZipDose got approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It was officially sold in 2016. SPRITAM is mainly in use to treat epilepsy. A prominent feature of Aprecia’s 3D printed tablets is that the tablets dissolve quickly and are suitable for patients with difficulty swallowing.

 3D printing is also very promising in tissue engineering, regeneration of damaged or diseased human tissue. The bio-inks used in 3D printing can be acted upon by living cells, cell-supporting hydrogels, extracellular matrices such as collagen, hydroxyapatite. Researchers at the University of Kansas in Missouri, Colombia, developed bio-injectors using living cells as materials. They hope that one day they will be able to complete alternatives such as printing out organ failure. Although only in the early days of testing and development but 3D printing technology innovation will surely bring a new pattern in the field of medicine.

 

Medical Instrumentation Course

B.Tech or Bachelor of Technology in Biomedical Instrumentation is a 4 year duration undergraduate engineering course. This covers designing, repair, maintenance and operation of electronic medical equipment. Same is for its masters level or M.Tech.

 

Medical Instrumentation Book

The knowledge in this field is so vast that on each of its sub topics an entire medical instrumentation book can be written. There are also several available in the market and media. Any of the five technologies mentioned above will greatly change the current state of biomedicine. We now have the ability to use intelligent systems to collect large-scale and accurate biological information. We can now also structure data results, generate hypotheses through AI systems, generate a 3D printed biological organ, and remotely control these products. So, it’s time to think about how to shape our future with these tools.

 

Medical Instrumentation Jobs

As medical Instrumentation is a vast and yet growing field there are immense chances of jobs or employment in this sector. People are applying for it across vacancies. As VVFIT is a bio medical and health networking portal many such vacancies get to its list on the companies page and people make application for them.

 

 

 

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