Enterprise Management (enterprise production & operation)
Enterprise management is a general term for planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating and controlling a series of activities of enterprise production and operation activities, and is an objective requirement of socialized large-scale production.
Enterprise management is to use the human resources, material resources, financial resources, information and other resources of the enterprise as much as possible to achieve the goals of saving, fast, more and better, and obtain the maximum input and output efficiency.
Discipline name: Business Management
Classification: Human resources, projects, funds, technology, etc.
Role: Improve economic efficiency
Management category: Business management, behavior management
Table of Content
2 Enterprise management
3 Related tools
4 Rise of development
6 General management
7 Three meanings
8 Management category
9 Management principles
10 Development strategy
12 Development stage
14 Personnel literacy
15 Related components
16 Management Culture
17 Management performance
18 Management Structure
19 Management Mode
▪ Family friendly
20 Management reorganization
21 Influencing factors
▪ Corporate environment
▪ Enterprise size
▪ Business characteristics
▪ Technical level
▪ Human resources
▪ Information construction
22 Finance and Tax Management
23 Existing problems
▪ Focus on the West
▪ Light culture
▪ Light property rights
▪ Light talent
25 Management elements
26 Information Management
27 Effective methods
What is classification of Enterprise management?
1. According to the management object, it includes: human resources, projects, funds, technology, market, information, equipment and technology, operations and processes, cultural systems and mechanisms, business environment, etc.
2. According to the growth process and process, it includes: project research-project design-project construction-project commissioning-project operation-project update-project second operation-three updates and so on.
3. According to the division of functions or business functions: plan management, production management, procurement management, sales management, quality management, warehouse management, financial management, project management, human resources management, statistical management, information management, etc.
4. It is divided into the following levels: operation level, business level, decision level, execution level, employee level, etc.
5. According to resource elements, it is divided into: human resources, material resources, technical resources, funds, markets and customers, policies and government resources.
What is Business Management?
Under modern technology, the help of collaborative software for enterprise management is reflected in three aspects:
1. To build a bridge between strategy and execution: to ensure that strategic goals can be quickly achieved with super execution power.
2. Realize the evolution of management from art to science: control large organizations with a scientific management system rather than individual capabilities.
3. Make management simple and effective: solve the fundamental problems of management with the ideas of simple victory and middle-level victory.
The survey and analysis of many excellent companies at home and abroad believe that companies with strong competitiveness have excellent characteristics in internal organizational settings and management leverage, and their execution is faster and better than competitors.
Modern technology has tooled advanced management concepts and office methods through software technology and network technology.
With affairs and projects as the center, it helps organizations establish smooth information exchange systems, effective collaborative execution systems, and accurate decision support systems.
To improve the internal management and office capabilities of the organization, and establish a high-level executive team that is coordinated and responsive.
What are the tool related to enterprise management?
Nissan is an enterprise management tool that allows companies to improve management efficiency.
Iwork is an enterprise management tool.
How Development and Rise of Management took place?
Thirty years of reform and opening up have allowed China’s economy to rise rapidly, and it has allowed the Chinese entrepreneurial community to grow and mature, and to make “Chinese businessmen” one more eye-catching and well-received after “the world ’s first businessman-Jews”. Respected groups.
In today’s economic globalization, Chinese entrepreneurs must not only face external challenges, but also explore the road to management that conforms to the characteristics of local conditions and the status quo of the enterprise.
How to integrate the western modern management scientific concept of one law, two principles and three emotions with the traditional Chinese management concept of “one style, two principles and three emotions” to form a “Chinese characteristics” management approach.
The key problem to be solved urgently in front of many Chinese businessmen!
In response to the above problems, experts and scholars, after years of research and exploration, have gradually produced a number of modern management theories rich in Chinese culture and with Chinese characteristics, such as Dong Tangcai’s “Dongtang Lunzhi” and Zeng Shiqiang’s ” “Confucian Management Philosophy”, Yu Shiwei’s “Winning in Execution”, Wednesday’s “Management Principles and Methods”, Shi Ziyi’s “Shi Ziyi Talking about Competitiveness”, Chen Hongbing’s “Benchmarking the Country”.
The creation of these theories is aimed at cultivating a group of Chinese business leaders who are proficient in scientific management, good at art leadership, broad in vision, new in concept, and have a foresight and profound literacy background for the Chinese business community. Lin stands in the world business world to help cheer!
Enterprise management generally includes: benchmarking management, strategic management, marketing management, business strategy, material management, quality management, cost management, financial management, capital operation, human resources, leadership improvement and so on.
The leader is the soul of the enterprise, and the organization is the body of the enterprise.
Organizational strategy is not only the shaping and operation of the internal team of the enterprise, but also the organizational operation supported by external horizontal competition and vertical industrial chain support, because the strategy is realized through organization.
An excellent organizational strategy is first of all to set positive strategies and goals, build an excellent organizational system with effective implementation needed for the implementation of the strategy, and constantly temper themselves, continue to develop, build an efficient enterprise, and continue to promote positive goals.
Enterprise management greatly enhances the operational efficiency of the enterprise.
It allows the enterprise to have a clear development direction; enables each employee to give full play to their potential.
Makes the enterprise’s finances clear, the capital structure is reasonable, and the investment and financing are appropriate.
To provide customers with satisfied products and services Build an enterprise image and make more practical contributions to society.
1. Enterprise management can enhance the operation efficiency of enterprises and improve production efficiency.
2. Allows the company to have a clear development direction.
3. Each employee can make full use of their potential.
4. It can make the enterprise’s finance clear, its capital structure reasonable, and its investment and financing appropriate.
5. Can provide customers with satisfactory products and services.
6. It can better establish the corporate image and make more practical contributions to the society.
What is General management?
Article 1: In order to strengthen management, improve various work systems, promote the development and growth of the company, and improve economic efficiency, the management rules are specially formulated in accordance with the relevant laws, regulations and articles of association of the country.
Article 2: All employees of the company must abide by the company’s articles of association, abide by the company’s rules and regulations, and all decisions and disciplines.
Article 3: It is forbidden for any organization or individual to occupy or destroy company property by any means.
Article 4: The company prohibits any acts of its affiliated institutions and individuals that damage the company’s image and reputation.
Article 5: The company prohibits any affiliated institutions or individuals from being in a small group or individual’s interest to damage the company’s interests or damage the company’s development.
Article 6: The company continuously improves the company’s operation and management system by exerting the enthusiasm and creativity of all employees and improving the technology, management and management level of all employees, and implements various forms of responsibility systems to continuously strengthen the company’s strength and improve economic efficiency.
Article 7: The company encourages all employees to study science, technology and cultural knowledge as hard as possible. The company provides employees with conditions and opportunities for learning and further study, strives to improve the quality and level of employees, and creates a team of employees with excellent ideas and business.
Article 8: The company encourages employees to use their talents and make more contributions. The company will reward and commend outstanding contributors.
Article 9:The company provides employees with an equal competitive environment and promotion opportunities, and encourages employees to be positive.
Article 10: The company encourages employees to unite and help each other, work together in the same boat, and carry forward the spirit of collective cooperation and collective creativity.
Article 11: The company encourages employees to actively participate in the company’s decision-making and management, welcomes employees to provide reasonable suggestions on company affairs and development, and rewards and commends the companies that have made contributions.
Article 12: The company respects the hard work of its employees, creates good working conditions for them, provides due treatment, and fully exerts its knowledge to make more contributions to the company.
Article 13: The company provides employees with social security and other welfare guarantees, and improves the treatment of employees in all aspects as the economic benefits increase.
Article 14: The company implements a distribution system of “paying for work” and “more work for more”.
Article 15: The company implements a post responsibility system, implements an attendance and assessment system, corrects work style and improves work efficiency, and opposes procrastination and irresponsible work attitude.
Article 16: The company advocates strict economy and opposes extravagance and waste; reducing consumption, increasing income and improving efficiency.
Article 17: Maintain company discipline and investigate anyone who violates the company’s articles of association and various systems.
What are the 3 meanings of enterprise management?
The first level of meaning explains that the measures adopted by management are the five basic activities of planning, organization, control, motivation and leadership. These five activities are also called the five basic functions of management.
The second level of meaning is the purpose of the first level of meaning, that is, the use of the above measures to coordinate resources in human, material and financial resources. The so-called coordination refers to synchronization and harmony.
For an organization to be effective, all departments and units in the organization must be synchronized and harmonized until everyone’s activities.
The human, material and financial resources in the organization must also be synchronized and harmonious.
The third meaning is the purpose of the second meaning. The coordination of human, material and financial resources is to make the activities of the entire organization more productive, which is also the fundamental purpose of management activities.
Modern business management
From the management object, management can be divided into business management and behavior management.
Business management is more focused on the management of various resources of the organization, such as financial, material, product and other related management.
Behavior management is more focused on the management of organizational members’ behavior, which has resulted in the management of organizational design, mechanism changes, incentives, work plans, collaboration between individuals and teams and culture.
The business management and behavior management of an enterprise should complement each other, just like the two hands of a person, they must cooperate to play a better role in management.
If there is a problem with any one of these hands, it will bring losses to the overall management, and even make the management of the enterprise stagnate and suffer serious resistance.
What are Enterprise Management Principles?
(1) There are many clues for enterprise management, and effective normalization is started from various aspects
(2) The most important thing for the general manager of an enterprise is to grasp the overall situation, operate effectively, and straighten out the relationship.
(3) Management Ten Forces Synthetic Method
(4) Development thinking of executives’ innovative enterprises
(5) Perfect self-discipline
(6) Executives’ own understanding and sense of responsibility
(7) The method used to encourage education
(8) High-tech industry must respond quickly
(9) Incentive methods
What is enterprise development strategy?
Strategy and plan of enterprise management development strategy is the line and principle, soul and program of enterprise management development plan.
The enterprise management development strategy guides the enterprise management development plan, and the enterprise management development plan implements the enterprise management development strategy.
What is Enterprise Management Development History?
Enterprise management is an objective requirement and an inevitable product of the development of socialized large-scale production.
It is caused by people’s joint labor in the exchange process.
At a certain stage of the development of social production, all large-scale joint labor needs more or less command to coordinate individual activities.
Through supervision and adjustment of the entire labor process, individual labor is subject to the overall requirements of production.
In order to ensure that the entire labor process is carried out normally according to people’s intended purpose.
Especially in a modern society where science and technology are highly developed, products are changing with each passing day, and the market is changing rapidly, enterprise management becomes increasingly important.
What is the enterprise management development stage?
The development of enterprise management has generally experienced three stages:
i. Traditional management stage from the end of the 18th century to the end of the 19th century.
At this stage, there was a separation of management functions and manual labor. The management work was performed by the capitalist personally, and was characterized by everything based on personal experience.
ii. The scientific management stage of the 1920s to the 1940s.
At this stage, the separation of capitalists and management personnel emerged.
The management personnel summarized management experience, systematized and developed it, and gradually formed a set of scientific management theories.
iii. Modern management stage after the 1950s.
The characteristics of this stage are: from the qualitative concept of the economy to quantitative analysis, the use of mathematical decision-making methods, and extensive use of electronic computers for control in various management.
The evolution of enterprise management refers to the process that the management methods and means of the enterprise must change in the development process. It usually consists of three stages: the experience management stage, the scientific management stage, and the cultural management stage.
Experience management stage
The scale of the enterprise is relatively small, and the employees are monitored by the vision of enterprise managers, so enterprise management can be achieved by talents.
Therefore, in the experience management stage, the management premise for employees is the economic man ’s assumption, that human nature is evil, lazy by nature, does not like to take responsibility, and is passive. Therefore, the incentive method adopted by managers who have this view is mainly external motivation.
The way is to increase carrots and sticks, the control of employees is also external control, mainly to control human behavior.
Scientific management stage
The scale of an enterprise is relatively large, and it depends on the rule of man, so it is necessary to change the rule of man into the rule of law, but the understanding of human nature is still based on the assumption of the economic man, and the company is managed by rules and regulations.
The incentives and control of employees are external. They make employees work through punishment and rewards.
Employees work because they expect to be rewarded or afraid of punishment.
Employees act in accordance with the rules and regulations of the enterprise and act under the direction of managers. Content is to manage employee behavior.
Cultural management stage
The boundary of the enterprise is blurred, and the premise of management is the assumption of social people, that human nature is good, people are emotional, like to accept challenges, and are willing to exert subjective initiative and be positive.
At this time, the enterprise should establish an effective people-oriented culture and achieve the enterprise’s goals through human-oriented management.
At the stage of cultural management, it is not without experience management and scientific management.
Scientific management is the basis for achieving cultural management. Experience is still necessary.
Culture is like software and system is like hardware. The two are complementary.
It is just that in the era of knowledge economy, people pay more attention to the realization of personal value, so respect for humanity is particularly important, so enterprise management should be based on people.
What is Personnel Literacy?
Clear goals in life
Knowing what you want is a very important issue that many people often overlook. Everyone will say that I hope to have a house, a car, and a good life in the future. This is just an idea for everyone in life. But how to achieve it, we must set specific goals, rather than being a monk to hit the clock for a day, just to work simply to make money.
Not only do you do a good job yourself, but also have the ability to organize and mobilize colleagues and subordinates around you to work together to achieve a common goal. If you can’t let everyone be your comrades and fighters in the true sense, you can’t have the ability to launch and organize effective combat.
Not afraid of hardships, brave to make progress
There are too many uncertain factors in the real world. When we encounter foreseeable problems that are difficult to solve or unpredictable emergencies that cause twists and turns in accomplishing our goals, we can be unafraid of hardships and dangers, regardless of personal gains.
Faced with the dilemma, never discouraged, as always, set goals for yourself.
Can make an informed decision
Because of the endless temptations and variables in the human world, we often face various choices.
As we all know: “Choice is more important than hard work.” Therefore, being able to make wise choices in the face of numerous choices is a kind of wisdom in life, rather than being clever and impulsive.
Good at communicating with people
In daily work, whether a manager has the ability to communicate with others is the basic condition for considering a manager.
To complete a project or a goal, mastering the language and skills of communication is the key to success. This kind of communication is more than just words and words, it has more meanings, it is your own cultivation and integration of knowledge.
The so-called leader style, benevolence sees benevolence, wise sees wisdom. But the most important thing is the standard setting of the manager’s work and words and deeds. It is a model in the eyes of everyone. It is a kind of self-awareness that requires itself with standard normative behavior. It is a spirit with self-discipline.
Diligence and love for work
There will be no pies in the sky, and even if you do, you will have to have a chance to pick them up early. As a manager, it is essential to have the spirit of diligence, fear of hard work, and challenge to hardship. At the same time, loving your own job will make you have a lasting enthusiasm and enthusiasm for all your work.
Assertive and bold
Only with the unwavering faith and the ability to judge the situation can we face the dilemma and be calm, look at the situation, keep close to the subject and target, and formulate a decision on the matter without hesitation.
Dare to face setbacks
Life careers have never been stable. Therefore, we must dare to face the difficulties and not be afraid of them. Anyone will encounter all kinds of obstacles and failures in their journey of life. Being able to achieve repeated defeats, perseverance to the end is a manifestation of courage and courage.
What are the necessary prerequisites for enterprise management?
Learn from time to time, enrich yourself
The present is an era of highly advanced science and technology. As an enterprise manager, we always face more challenges. How to have the ability to keep up with the times, you need to constantly recharge yourself to quickly update your memory of knowledge, to adapt to this changing era.
Work with peace of mind and peace of mind
Ancient Cloud: Quiet and far away. The intention is that only when our heart can keep a normal heart in this world full of temptation and concentrate on our career and work will we have greater success and accomplishment. If you can’t overcome the inertia and defects in instinct, you can only bring yourself more helplessness and sigh.
What are the components related to enterprise management?
Sub-item of enterprise management
Enterprise management mainly refers to the use of various strategies and methods to scientifically manage the people, machines, raw materials, methods, assets, information, brands, sales channels, etc. in the enterprise, so as to realize the activities of the organization’s goals, and accordingly corresponding to each.
Management branches: human resource management, administrative management, financial management, research and development management, production management, procurement management, marketing management, etc. These branches can be collectively referred to as enterprise resource management (ERP). Normal companies will set up functional departments according to these specialized business branches.
In the management of enterprise systems, it can be divided into the management of enterprise strategy, business model, business process, enterprise structure, enterprise system, enterprise culture and other systems.
Based on the management experience of Japanese companies, the American management community finally developed the seven elements of corporate organization, also known as the McKinsey 7S model.
Among the seven elements, strategy, systems and structure it is regarded as “hardware”.And styles, staff, skills, and shared values are regarded as “software”, with common values as the center.
He Daoyi divided the enterprise system into ten soft systems of strategy, model, process, standard, value, culture, structure, and system, and five hardware systems of human, finance, material, technology, and information.
What are the contents of enterprise item management?
i. Plan management
Through forecasting, planning, budgeting, decision-making and other means, the economic activities of enterprises are effectively organized around the requirements of the overall goal. Plan management embodies goal management.
ii. Production management
That is to manage the setting and operation of the production system through production organization, production planning, production control and other means.
iii. Material management
Organize planned procurement, supply, storage, economical use and comprehensive utilization of various production materials required by the enterprise.
iv. Quality management
Supervise, examine and inspect the production results of the enterprise.
v. Cost management
Carry out cost forecast, cost planning, cost control, cost accounting, cost analysis, cost assessment, etc. around the occurrence of all expenses of the enterprise and the formation of product costs.
vi. Financial management
Manage the formation, distribution, and use of corporate financial activities including fixed funds, working capital, special funds, and profits.
vii. Labor and personnel management
Comprehensive planning, unified organization, system control, and flexible adjustment of labor and personnel in all links and aspects of enterprise economic activities.
What is enterprise management culture?
Corporate management culture, or corporate culture (Corporate Culture or Organizational Culture), is an organization’s unique cultural image composed of its values, beliefs, rituals, symbols, and ways of doing things.
Broadly speaking, culture is the sum of material wealth and spiritual wealth created during the historical practice of human society; narrowly speaking, culture is the ideology of society and the corresponding organizational structure and system.
The corporate culture is gradually formed in the production and management practices of the company, and is recognized and observed by all employees.
It has the characteristics of the organization’s mission, vision, purpose, spirit, values and business philosophy, and these concepts are in production and management.
The sum of practice, management system, employee behavior and the external image of the company. It is different from the cultural nature of organizations such as culture, education, scientific research and military.
The enterprise management culture is the soul of the enterprise and the inexhaustible driving force for the development of the enterprise.
It contains very rich content, and its core is the spirit and values of the company. The values here do not generally refer to various cultural phenomena in enterprise management, but the values held by the enterprise or its employees in the production and operation of commodities.
What is definition of enterprise management?
It is generally believed that management culture is a subculture derived from the corporate culture system.
1. Management is also a culture. Take management activities as a cultural phenomenon.
Inspect and study management from a cultural perspective; conduct cultural research on management.
Culture is also a means of management.
Management efficiency depends on cultural variables such as value systems, management philosophy, etc.
2. Management culture mainly refers to management ideas, management philosophy, and management style.
It includes value standards, management philosophy, management systems, codes of conduct, ethics, and customs.
3. Corporate management culture is a set of cultural traditions and constantly changing behaviors advocated by the corporate leadership and observed by the top and bottom. It is reflected in corporate values, business philosophy and codes of conduct, reveals the impact of culture on management, and penetrates into the enterprise.
In the whole process of decision-making, organization, motivation, leadership and other management, it provides the best model for matching culture with management.
Enterprise management culture is the cultural connotation in enterprise management and the embodiment of cultural characteristics in enterprise management.
4. Management is rooted in culture, and the corporate culture theory developed on the basis of management theory is called management culture.
The rise of enterprise management from technology and economy to cultural level is an innovation in the history of management thinking.
As an enterprise culture theory developed on the basis of management theory, it is a summary of the original management theory and innovation. It considers and analyzes the operation of an enterprise as an economic organization from a new perspective, and regards the relationship between enterprise management and culture as the lifeline of enterprise development.
Its core is to make employees care about the enterprise and bring to the management philosophy and practice of the enterprise Vitality and vitality.
Generally, the practice process of enterprise management performance mainly includes the following aspects:
A) Obtain the support of senior management
Performance management is an important reform measure for enterprise management. HR departments alone are not enough to promote the implementation of performance management for the entire enterprise. Therefore, it is particularly important to obtain the approval and support of senior management.
B) Formulate a perfect implementation plan
After obtaining the approval and support of senior management, the HR department carefully formulated the company’s performance management implementation plan, including performance management policy guidelines, implementation processes, role assignments, and management responsibilities.
C) Extensive publicity
The implementation of any new management method is inseparable from extensive publicity and implementation.
The theory, method, meaning and role of performance management can be publicized through the company ’s internal journals, publicity boards, local area networks and other media to create momentum.
Cultivate managers and employees’ perceptual understanding of performance management, and establish the enterprise’s performance concept. This will lay a solid mass foundation for future performance management practices, and the resistance to implementation will be less.
D) Training line managers
Good management methods must be organized and implemented by high-quality managers, so training of managers is essential.
To allow managers to deeply grasp the concept of performance management, change the old management concepts, master the process, methods and skills of performance management, so that every manager likes performance management, masters performance management, will use performance management, and is willing to Use performance management to manage your own departments and subordinates.
E) Do job analysis
On the basis of the above work, the company’s performance management began to be implemented.
Prior to this, one of the indispensable tasks was job analysis and the formulation of job descriptions. In many companies, this job is a blank, at most there is only a general job description.
F) Issue corporate performance policies
The implementation of performance management must be guaranteed by policies. Therefore, on the basis of the above work, it is necessary to introduce the necessary policy measures.
What is enterprise management structure?
There is no fixed model for the design of enterprise organizational structure, which varies according to the characteristics of the company’s production technology and internal and external conditions.
However, the thinking and rules of organizational structure reform can still be used for reference.
The organizational structure reform should solve the following four structures:
The successful operation of a business requires multiple functions to work together. Therefore, when designing an organizational structure, you should first determine which functions are required for business operation, and then determine the proportion and relationship between each function.
This means the composition of each management level, that is, the organization needs to set up several management levels in the vertical direction.
The department structure, that is, the composition of each management department, that is, how many departments the organization needs to set up horizontally.
The power structure, that is, the division of labor and mutual relations of power and responsibility at all levels and departments.
This management model utilizes a very important function in the family blood relationship, namely the cohesion function, that is, trying to achieve the management of the enterprise through the family blood relationship cohesion function.
From a historical point of view, although an enterprise is in its entrepreneurial period, this kind of affectionate enterprise management model has indeed played a good role.
However, when the enterprise develops to a certain extent, especially after the enterprise develops into a large enterprise, this kind of affectionate enterprise management model will soon have problems.
Because the cohesive function in the family kinship relationship used in this management model will be transformed from its cohesive function into an internal friction function, this management model should be replaced by other management models. This management model exists only because our country ’s credit system and legal system are still very imperfect, making people dare not to give their assets to people who are not related to them, so they have to adopt this family-friendly management model.
This management model also has a positive significance in the initial stage of the enterprise and is very cohesive.
However, when the enterprise develops to a certain scale, especially after the profit of the enterprise has increased to a certain extent, the friendship of the buddies will fade. So if the enterprise does not adjust this management model as soon as possible, it will inevitably lead to the rapid decline of the enterprise or even Bankruptcy.
There is a private enterprise in our country called “Wantong”. At the beginning, it was a friendly enterprise founded by five people with similar interests.
At that time, everyone was able to lie down, and entrepreneurs could not care about money.
However, when Wantong got the first big profit, five people began to have some friction.
Later, Wantong hatched several companies because the entrepreneurs started their own businesses.
This management model emphasizes that management should mobilize more of the inherent role of human nature. Only in this way can the enterprise develop rapidly.
It is right to emphasize the human aspect in an enterprise, but it cannot be the most important principle of the enterprise management system.
The principle of human touch and the principle of enterprise management are principles in different categories.
Therefore, excessive emphasis on human touch is not only not conducive to the development of the enterprise, but the enterprise often loses control and may even go bankrupt in the end.
The warm management model actually wants to use the conscience principle in affection to deal with the management relationship in the enterprise. In the economic interest relationship, the so-called conscience is difficult to talk clearly.
Speaking of economic theory, conscience is actually an ethical and standardized return of economic benefits in the form of human touch.
Therefore, if we talk about conscience and human nature in general, without touching the relationship of interests, or talking about the mutual benefit of interests, in fact, it is difficult for the person to be managed to do a good job, and ultimately the enterprise will not do well.
Management is not just about warmth, but first is the definition of interest relations. Only those who are “unrelenting” in front of various interest relationships, especially those who can “pull their faces” in the definition of interest relationships, can become professional managers.
In reality, it manifests in two forms: one is autocratic management in private enterprises. The reason why authoritarian management is regarded as a kind of randomized management is because some private entrepreneurs are very authoritarian.
He has the final say, he can change any rules and regulations at any time, his words are principles and rules, so this kind of management belongs to random management.
Another form is the administrative intervention that occurs in state-owned enterprises, that is, government agencies can intervene arbitrarily in the operations of a state-owned enterprise, which ultimately leads to the management of the enterprise being very arbitrary.
It can be seen that this management model is either manifested as dictatorial management in private enterprises or excessive government intervention in enterprises in the state-owned enterprise system.
The collapse of many private enterprises is the inevitable result of the implementation of this randomized management model. Because the entrepreneur ’s words are wrong, others can’t make corrections, and even if the entrepreneur ’s decision is wrong, others can’t change it. In the end, the company can only finish.
The so-called institutionalized management model refers to the promotion of enterprise management in accordance with certain established rules. Of course, such a rule must be a contractual rule that everyone recognizes, and this rule is also symmetrical between responsibility and right.
Therefore, the target model of future enterprise management is based on the institutionalized management model, which properly absorbs and utilizes some useful factors of several other management models.
Why do you say this because institutionalized management is relatively “cruel”?
It is indeed beneficial to properly introduce a little relationship of friendship, friendship, and tenderness.
Sometimes, it is possible to properly deal with the contradictions and interests in management in a random way, and “dilute” the rules, because institutionalization is too rigid. It is not easy to “soften” it inappropriately.
After all, the main target of management is still human, and humans are not ordinary goods. People have a variety of thinking and are active, so they are completely institutionalized. Management will not work. Appropriately absorb some of the advantages of other management models, integrated into a hybrid enterprise management model. This may be better. This is probably the consensus conclusion that China has drawn in the selection of business management models over the past decade.
Project management refers to the process of organizing all projects in an orderly and effective manner through a series of methods and means under certain conditions and resources, and optimizing the managed projects.
Specifically, it is a detailed and orderly management of the whole process of an activity from the beginning to the end of decision-making.
The application of project management in the process of enterprise management has changed the more traditional management concepts in the past, and has the following advantages:
(1) Project management focuses on all-round supervision and management during the implementation of the entire project, effectively supplementing the omission of some departments in the traditional management method.
(2) Integrate the employees participating in the entire project into a process, which effectively increases the team awareness of employees within the enterprise and forms the internal culture of the enterprise.
Both management and ordinary employees have the consciousness of participating in this project, and consider themselves to be a part of a project.
They unconsciously organized employees together, effectively improving the management level of the enterprise.
(3) Through the integration and detailed management of the entire project, the company ’s internal management capabilities have been strengthened, conflicts and contradictions among related departments have been reduced, work processes have been optimized in the same work project, and the cost of the enterprise has been effectively reduced. This realized the optimal allocation of enterprise resources.
What is enterprise management reorganization?
Management reorganization refers to the process of re-selecting a scientific and reasonable management model or management system that improves the competitiveness and development capacity of an enterprise when the external environment, enterprise resources and its structure change.
1. Corporate strategic reorganization: mainly composed of corporate goals, corporate mission, corporate values, corporate culture, etc.
2. Organizational reorganization: refers to the innovation and reconstruction of organization’s theory and organizational form, and is a kind of radical innovation of organization.
3. Business process reorganization: The starting point includes three aspects: corporate goals, understanding customers, and technical conditions.
4. Enterprise resource reorganization: including industrial resources, human resources, technical resources, market resources, etc.
1. Brand-new changes in business management ideas.
2. Reshape the operating mechanism of the enterprise.
3. Innovation of enterprise management methods and methods.
One is “injection of essence”
The second is “drop injection”
The third is “continuous injection”
For an enterprise to survive and develop, it must constantly adapt to changes in the environment and meet the various requirements placed on the organization by the environment.
Therefore, the environment is a key factor in determining what type of organizational structure managers adopt.
The external environment refers to the industry characteristics, market characteristics, economic situation, government relations, and natural environment in which the enterprise is located.
Environmental factors can affect the design of the organizational structure from two aspects, namely the complexity of the environment and the stability of the environment. The external environment will have an impact on the organization’s functional structure, hierarchy, departmental structure and authority structure.
The size of the enterprise is an important factor that affects the organization design of the enterprise.
The scale of an enterprise is different, and there are obvious differences in its internal structure.
With the continuous expansion of the scale of enterprises, the content of enterprise activities is becoming more and more complex, the number of people is gradually increasing, the division of specialties is constantly being refined, and the number of departments and positions is gradually increasing.
All of these will directly increase the complexity of the organizational structure.
The larger the scale of the enterprise, the more things need to be coordinated and decided, and the greater the management range.
However, the manager’s time and energy are limited. This contradiction will prompt enterprises to increase management levels and carry out more decentralization.
Therefore, the expansion of the enterprise scale will cause corresponding changes in the hierarchical structure, departmental structure and functional structure of the organization.
If there are many types of business in an enterprise, the organization needs to have corresponding resources and management methods to meet the needs of the business. So there will be more departments or positions, more staff will be needed, and the organization will be more complicated.
In general, the more types of business, the more departments or positions within an organization.
The closer the various business connections of the enterprise, the more the organization design needs to consider the interaction between the department and the business within the department.
The less dispersed the organization, the linear function system or the matrix organization is more suitable in this case. Generally speaking, the more relevant the business, the more comprehensive management is required.
Organized activities need to be carried out using certain techniques and special means reflecting a certain level of technology. The level of technology and technical equipment not only affects the effectiveness and efficiency of organizational activities, but also affects the content division and job setting of organizational activities.
Some enterprises have strong technical strength, and they regard technological innovation and development as the basis of enterprise development.
At this time, the key to the organization is to consider technological development issues, and organization design is also based on technology and its development and innovation.
When technology can bring high profits, technology management and utilization become very important.
Technology management has become the core issue of enterprise organization setting and the main line of organization setting.
The more complex the production technology, the more complicated the vertical division of organizational structure, which will lead to an increase in the organizational structure of the organization, which will also increase the workload of horizontal coordination of the enterprise.
In traditional enterprises, the technology of each enterprise is similar, the main profit point of the enterprise is not technology, then the technology will not affect the organization of the organization too much, and the organization of the organization takes more consideration such as channel management and cost reduction etc., and use these factors as the main line of organizational design.
Therefore, this kind of work with high inertia can be considered to adopt a standardized coordination and control structure, and the organizational structure has a high degree of formality and centralization.
Human resources are the basis for the smooth implementation of the organizational structure.
In the design of organizational structure, insufficient consideration of the impact on personnel quality will cause more serious problems. Staff qualities include values, intelligence, understanding ability, self-control ability and work ability.
When the quality of employees improves, their own work capabilities and needs will change.
For high-quality employees, the management system should have greater flexibility. For example, flexible working hours, flexible workplaces (such as home office), more decision-making rights, and attractive salary and benefit plans.
The human resources situation will have an impact on the company’s department structure. For example, the implementation of the business department system requires a person with more comprehensive leadership skills to serve as the business department manager.
If the matrix structure is implemented, the project manager candidates require higher prestige and good interpersonal relationships In order to adapt to the characteristics of more responsibility and less power.
The status of human resources will also have an impact on the power structure of the enterprise.
Enterprise managers have a high level of management, comprehensive management knowledge, rich experience, good professional ethics, and more decentralized management power.
The popularization and development of network technology has caused a huge change in the foundation of the existence of enterprise organizations.
The development of e-commerce technology has greatly improved the efficiency of information processing.
Every terminal in the enterprise network can obtain comprehensive data and information at the same time.
The application of means makes the role of middle-level managers increasingly weak, and network technology enables high-level managers of enterprises to filter the original information formed by various grass-roots organizations in a timely manner through the network system at low cost.
Therefore, when a company has built a high-level information system, it should adjust its organizational structure in a timely manner and adopt a flat organizational structure to adapt to the emerging e-commerce operation mode to reduce middle-level management personnel, improve efficiency and reduce internal management costs.
Information technology has fundamentally changed the business process of an enterprise, reformed the resource structure required by the enterprise’s operation and the relationship between people’s labor mix. Also, the importance of information resources has been greatly enhanced.
The design of the organizational structure should be freed from the original huge, complex and rigid state. Such an organization is more conducive to the flow of information and tends to be simplified.
Finance and tax management
Corporate finance and tax management is a very important part of business management. As the market economy becomes more standardized and improved, the role of fiscal and tax management in corporate competition is becoming more and more significant.
The financial and tax management of enterprises should focus on the methods and measures of tax management, and strengthen the knowledge of tax law to further enhance tax awareness.
Under the premise of mastering the theoretical knowledge of tax law, through tax concessions, tax planning and other reasonable and legal tax avoidance methods.
To achieve the goal of reducing the operating cost of the enterprise, improving the level of financial management, and ultimately improving the competitiveness of the enterprise.
Under the market economy, the market competition is fierce.
For the sake of survival and development, enterprises must do a good job in production, operation and financial management to avoid risks and obtain the best economic benefits.
Aerospace information ERP products and national tax-related systems carry out information transmission and element continuation, and conduct business processing on many tax types (value added tax, income tax, business tax, consumption tax, customs duties, export tax rebate, etc.) involved in the business process of the company, which they can accurately calculate.
These ERP etc. products are helpful in declaring and paying taxes on tax payable, improving the efficiency of taxation personnel, and also assessing the company’s accounts, tickets, operations, accounting and tax payment, so as to better help companies correctly implement the national tax policy, carry out overall business planning and tax risk prevention.
They help to provide suggestions for corporate management decisions and lay a solid foundation for profitability.
There is a problem
In the course of history, China’s economic reform can be regarded as very successful. The national strength is constantly increasing, and the people’s living standards are also constantly improving. But there are still some issues in China’s reform that deserve our attention.
We disagree with the “Wan Yan Shu” written by some ultra-leftists. They are still using the concept of the Cultural Revolution to observe the economic reforms in China today, thus denying the general policy of reform and opening up and the great achievements made today.
These people can’t even figure out the ratio of one finger to nine fingers, can they still evaluate the country’s major policies?
The problem we are talking about here is only one of them.
The subjects of theory and management have basically grown up after the Cultural Revolution. They have the momentum to break through barriers and new thinking. They write articles and teach management lessons to students. It is all about how the United States is, how is Japan, and how is China. It is difficult to make clear.
Administrative management is a comprehensive and highly applicable emerging discipline.
It includes daily administrative affairs management, office supplies management, prescribed work transfer system, business travel management method, company meeting system, employee code of conduct, vehicle management regulations, company seal management, external publicity management regulations, company confidentiality system, safety and security management methods, expenses reimbursement management measures, company employee benefits, document management, etc.
Administrative management is an important part of management, but it is not equal to enterprise management.
When you run an enterprise, the products are visible and touchable, but the corporate culture is invisible and untouchable.
If you don’t observe carefully, you won’t even feel it. Operators have a hard grip on products, but they don’t know the corporate culture. But corporate culture does exist, and it has a great impact on the company. Whether the goal is clear, whether the employees are cohesive, whether the development has the stamina, and whether it can fail after a failure, etc. are all functions of the corporate culture.
Light property rights
In recent years, Asia’s capital market has developed, with a stock market, a GEM market, and a B-share market. Large prospective enterprises can enter the stock market, small prospective enterprises can enter the GEM market, and foreign investment markets. But what about a large number of half-dead companies? There is no following.
According to statistics, the total number of Chinese enterprises is 1.94 million, of which 444,000 are state-owned enterprises and 92,000 are above the county level, but less than 1% are really large enterprises.
The original plan was 1,000 and 520. The output value of these 520 companies accounted for about 70% of the company’s total production value.
The modern enterprise system transformation of these enterprises will make them the mainstay of national economic development. But small and medium-sized enterprises are the basis of the market and the natural object of the market mix. We must treat their development at a strategic level.
Theoretical research on human resource management and development has become popular all over the world, but it is still a new concept for most enterprises in China, and talent management has not emerged.
What is Humanistic principle of enterprise management?
The so-called humanistic principle of management means that in all management work, the human factor is always put in the first place, and the enthusiasm, initiative and creativity of people are the core and motivation of management.
Since the subject of management is the person who is the manager, and the object of management is the person who is the person to be managed, therefore, the humanistic management idea believes that doing a good job of people is the foundation of management, and must respect, rely on, develop people, The point of view for people is throughout management humanistic principle.
The following two principles are emphasized in management applications:
I. The energy level principle of human-centered principle
The energy-level principle of human-centered principles means that in management, people should be scientifically arranged in corresponding positions according to their ability, to maximize their talents, perform their duties, and maintain coordination within the organization.
Improve management efficiency and achieve organizational goals. The principle of energy level management focuses on the following three aspects:
1) The management level must be hierarchical and have a stable organizational form
Management is not grading randomly, grading is to establish a certain order, certain norms and certain standards; nor can all levels be combined at will. A stable management structure should be in the shape of a regular triangle or a pagoda, with sharp edges on the top and a thick foundation below. It is difficult to survive without energy-level management.
2) Different management levels should have corresponding responsibilities and benefits
Rights, responsibilities and interests are external manifestations of a specific management level. Different management levels have different rights, duties and benefits, which is an inevitable requirement for management effectiveness.
3) The energy levels must correspond dynamically
Different management positions have different energy levels, and different employees also have different talents.
The so-called dynamic level correspondence means that one of the purposes of management is to place the corresponding talents in the positions of the corresponding energy levels.
The corresponding work positions are held by employees of the corresponding capabilities. When the post energy level and human ability change, the management system can adjust in time, always maintain the correspondence between the post energy level and the corresponding talented employee, dynamically achieve the energy level correspondence, and exert the best management efficiency.
II. The power principle of humanism
The so-called motivation principle means that management must have sustained and sufficient motivation. The manager must use the power correctly to ensure the efficient operation of management. Management motivation can be divided into three major types:
1) Material dynamics
Material motivation is the fundamental motivation for management, and reasonable material stimulation can directly affect and mobilize the enthusiasm of employees. However, material stimulation must be appropriate, and improper use will also produce certain side effects.
2) Spiritual motivation
Spiritual motivation includes stimulation of personal belief and reputation status. The effect produced by spiritual power is a higher-level pursuit produced by people when their material needs are basically satisfied.
Psychodynamics can not only compensate for the shortcomings of material stimulation in some aspects, but also have great power in themselves.
Under certain conditions, spiritual power can even become a decisive power. Religious extremists act beyond ordinary people’s imagination, and the driving force for their actions is spiritual motivation.
3) Information dynamics
Information power is the power generated through the exchange of information, and has a relative independence beyond material and spiritual. In modern economic society, good and effective information power can generate incentives.
Without any exchange of information with the outside world, no organization can have the impetus to move forward.
Only by constantly absorbing a large amount of information about the development of science and technology from the outside world can corporate scientific and technological personnel inspire their huge creative potential.
By comparing the work of other employees, corporate employees can know their deficiencies in their work, so they can work hard to catch up.
We say that the principle of power for management exists objectively. In management, we must correctly use the above three powers, reasonably control the amount of stimulus, and make employees’ work actively promoted by these three powers, and contribute to the development of the enterprise.
When using the principle of motivation for management, we should also pay great attention to the amount of stimulus should be adapted to the job mission undertaken by employees.
If the amount of stimulation is too small, it is difficult to work; if the amount of stimulation is too large, it will often be counterproductive, which has been proved by many management practices.
1. Humanized management mode
The success of an enterprise does not depend on how individuals insist on their own style, but on how the people around them regard the management of the enterprise as a person. In management, there are many models, and humanized management will never be outdated.
As an enterprise manager, we must care for employees, take the interests of employees as the starting point, and implement the concept of “humanity, everything is human”. Such as adjusting the distribution relationship of employees in the enterprise, understanding the family difficulties of employees, etc. This kind of concern can not only touch oneself but also inspire others, and promote social harmony. Of course, the implementation of humanized management in enterprise management is not to say no punishment.
The boss magazine said that first of all, the company ’s leading cadres should be correct, walk right, stand upright, and do the right thing, but resolutely punish the devious wind and evil spirits.
To punish, those who should be dismissed should be dismissed, and rewards and punishments should be clearly distinguished.
Humanized management should be: strict evidence, wide edge, hardness and softness. This is the element of humanized management.
2. Normalization of management system
It is an unchanging truth to manage benefits. The establishment of an enterprise management system, like the existence of the law, was established to regulate employees.
Of course, if the normalization of the system and the supervision work are not done well, no one is going to implement, no one is going to supervise, let ’s go, and do it, then the enterprise will fail. Is an essential condition.
3. Pay attention to talents and not relax
Running a business cannot ignore talents, pay attention to the role of talents in business management, especially give full play to the important role of scientific and technological talents, carry out a series of policy tilts on such talents, such as wages, bonuses, and make outstanding contributions.
Scientific and technological talents are commended and set an example.
Talent is the key to the development of an enterprise, so if an enterprise wants to develop, it must pay attention to talent.
What are Five Elements of Enterprise Management?
- Company culture
- Strategic Planning
- Reward and punishment system
- Reform and innovation
- Learning and training
- Information management
Management informatization is the integration of information. Its core elements are the construction of data platforms and the in-depth mining of data.
Through the information management system, it integrates the design, procurement, production, manufacturing, finance, marketing, operation, management and other aspects of the enterprise. Share information and resources, and at the same time use modern technology to find your potential customers, effectively support the enterprise’s decision-making system, achieve the purpose of reducing inventory, improving production efficiency and quality, rapid response, and enhance the market competitiveness of enterprises.
ERP, OA, CRM, BI, PLM, e-commerce, etc. have become indispensable application systems in the process of management informationization.
Among them, ERP is moving towards a highly integrated full-process management informationization.
At present, how domestic enterprises participate in international market competition to a greater extent, how to get rid of complicated organizational structure and create an optimal value network have long been troubled.
Hangxin Software’s “tax-aware ERP” product series adheres to the “business sharing, agile innovation” application concept, provides support for the variability of enterprise management organizations and indicator systems, and solidifies and deposits unique management concepts and business models.
Changed organizational structure technology to build a safe and extended integrated information management platform for enterprises.
Facing a complex multi-organization and multi-legal group, Aisino ERP provides enterprises with an open sharing mechanism, integrates and optimizes advantageous resources with industry chain partners, forms a barrier-free business linkage between upstream and downstream enterprises, and uses internet and information security technologies for the industry.
When faced with market opportunities and project cooperation, chain partners provide full-share business management, which is conducive to the innovation of the overall business model of the industry chain.
The system is highly integrated by dozens of sub-modules, not only contains traditional ERP application content, but also involves enterprise group finance, internal resources, supply chain, customer resources, knowledge base, business intelligence, Internet of Things and SAAS service applications, etc. Under the environment, the innovation needs and global application needs of the group-type enterprises are closely connected with the business collaboration between the enterprises and with customers, suppliers, and partners to maximize the management value of the group enterprises.
Implementation of information management
Successful implementation of management informatization projects is the key to the future market of enterprises. How to ensure the success rate of implementation has become a core issue for domestic large and medium-sized enterprises. In this regard, aerospace information software believes that to ensure the successful implementation of ERP in enterprises, the core of application landing lies in the corresponding management transformation and upgrade according to the development stage of the enterprise.
Enterprise growth involves its own capabilities, scale, and business scope. The growth logic is value innovation, that is, the combination of diversified collaboration, enterprise capabilities, market structure, industry prospects, and business relevance determine the choice of enterprise growth route: ” Miniature> Small> Medium> Large “.
The development trend of information management
The rapid development of information technology has changed China’s traditional economic structure and social order.
The enterprise is not in the past material economic environment, but the network as the medium, the customer as the center, the company’s organizational structure, technology research and development, manufacturing, marketing, etc.
After-sales service is closely linked to the information economy environment. The transformation of information-driven management has an all-round impact on the growth of enterprises.
It will completely change the original business ideas, business methods, and business models of the enterprise.
Through business model innovation, product technology innovation, or increased investment in various resources, the use of information, provide powerful methods and means to achieve. The key to its success is the organic combination of different growth stages and information tools.
The information products and related services provided by traditional software manufacturers only limit the product range of the manufacturers themselves, thus forming a delivery activity only for the sale of a certain product transaction, ignoring the diverse needs of customers for this organic combination. And with the continuous development of business, new requirements have emerged, which have caused problems such as stage cooperation, product updates, repeated maintenance and frequent support with customers in the domestic ERP software industry.
The growth path of an enterprise will continue to expand with the scale of the organization, the business model, and the changing market environment, resulting in the evolution of the requirements for information management from local to overall, from headquarters to grassroots, from simple to compound.
The initial construction of enterprise information to continuously optimize, upgrade, expand and upgrade to complete the entire information construction work, reflects the changes in the characteristics and needs of enterprise information management from narrow to wide, from shallow to deep, from simple to complex.
The ERP software system plays an increasingly important role in promoting enterprise management reform, improving performance management, and enhancing the company’s core competitiveness.
Faced with the needs of information technology innovation in the internet era and the growth path of Chinese companies, the application expansion of the C / S mode enables different people to access and operate common data based on different access methods of IE browsers in different locations, greatly reducing the cost of system maintenance and upgrade for remote users, creating a “timely convenience + accuracy “Safety + low cost” effect.
With the increasingly fierce market competition, enterprises must continuously improve the level of enterprise management if they want to be invincible in the competitive market competition. The level of enterprise management determines the direction of enterprise development and the duration of continuous operation. How to improve the level of enterprise management is a problem that enterprises should pay great attention to and need to be solved urgently.
To improve the level of enterprise management, they should focus on the following aspects:
1. To improve the level of enterprise management, we must first do a good job of all basic management of the enterprise.
The contents of the basic work of enterprise management mainly include:
(1) Standardization work
Standardization work includes technical standards, management standards and working standards for the formulation, implementation and management of the working process. Standardization work requires the characteristics of “new (new standard), complete (standard sound), and high (high standard level)”.
(2) Fixed-rate work
Quota refers to the amount of penalty imposed on the consumption, utilization, and occupation of manpower, material resources, and financial resources under certain production technology conditions.
Quota work requirements are practical. Quotas are derived from practice. They are abstractions of practice, not subjective fabrications.
Quota work requirements are authoritative, and quotas are issued after a certain approval process; quota work requirements are generalized, and quotas are practice.
The abstraction: quota work requires phases, practice is developing, and quotas should be adjusted in a timely manner in a timely manner.
(3) Measurement work
The core of measurement work is to obtain data and evaluate data. Without actual measured and accurate and reliable data, the enterprise’s production and operation management will lose the scientific basis.
(4) Information work
Information work refers to the collection, processing, transmission, storage and other management work of the data required for the production and operation of the enterprise.
Modern enterprises must improve the information system with accurate data and sensitive information, so that the production and operation process of the enterprise is gradually included in the electronic computer management track.
(5) Improve rules and regulations
Through the establishment and improvement of a set of vertical and horizontal chain, coordinated with each other’s internal economic responsibility system of the enterprise.
(6) Basic education
Make great efforts to improve the political, cultural and technical qualities of employees.